a century of migrant labour in the gold mines of south africa

South Africa - Gold and Diamonds - Country Studies- a century of migrant labour in the gold mines of south africa ,South Africa's modern history has often been dated from the first commercial mining of diamonds and gold in the 1870s and the 1880s, , By the mid-twentieth century, South Africa was the world's largest producer or second largest producer of gold, diamonds, platinum, , Gold mines became known for their often exploitative labor policies, including the use of migrant workers on limited contracts, strict.Oscillating migration and the epidemics of silicosis, ,5 Nov 2014 , Oscillating migration and the epidemics of silicosis, tuberculosis, and HIV infection in South African gold miners David Rees , Hundreds of thousands of men from rural areas of South Africa and neighboring countries have come to seek work in the gold min They are , The economic and political migrant labor system provided the foundations for the epidemics seen in southern Africa today Am J Ind ,, Article: A century of miners' compensation in South Africa



The Functions and Reproduction of Migrant Labor - ,

MINE 'WORKERS IN SOUTH AFRICA The South African gold mines, first commercially exploited in the last decade of the 19th century, have relied on two types of migrant labor On the one hand, unskilled tasks have been and continue to be.

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Lancet Study - Gold & Platinum Mining In SA - The ,

and platinum mining in South Africa are exemplars of this process, glimpsed through the experience and , cheap migrant labour is slaked by destroying , a devastated environment (Durand, 2012), for decades and centuries after mining has

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Black migration to South Africa - UFDC Home - University of ,

Conditions affecting Black migrant workers in South Africa: A case study of the gold-mines (F de Vletter) Page 91 Page 92 Page 93 , Legislated labour supplies in the first decades of the twentieth century 13 Legislation and African.

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History | South African Government

Metallurgical skills, developed in the mining and processing of iron, copper, tin and gold, promoted regional trade and craft specialisation , Portuguese seafarers, who pioneered the sea route to India in the late 15th century, were regular visitors to the South African coast , The closed compounds pioneered on the diamond fields, as a means of migrant labour control, were replicated at the gold min

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Tribal Recreation and Recreating Tribalism - ,

Politics of Race, Class and Nationalism in Twentieth-century South Africa (London, 1987), pp 71-94 5 According to , 14 See A H Jeeves, Migrant Labour in South Africa's Mining Economy: The Struggle for the Gold Mines' Labour Supply.

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Minerals and Migrants

Gold mining, as the economic historians have long pointed out, powered South Africa's industrial revolution and domi- nated its economy for a century 'Whether in terms of export earnings, employment of labor, stimulation of a wide range of

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A penultimate chapter looks at a theme for which ,

In 1986 South Africa's gold mines celebrated the century since gold was discovered In 1990 the new President of South , reduced employment of most migrant labour, and for the first time for many years no Malawians were employed in the.

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BLACK MINEWORKERS' CONCEPTUALISATIONS OF ,

masculinity; southern African mining industry; qualitative research; migrant , political and labour arenas in South Africa towards the end of the twentieth century, , as workers on the goldmines (see for example Moodie [1994: 49] and Beittel

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Labour Migration to South Africa in the 1990s ,

Foreign migrant labour has been central to the South African economy for most of this century owing to the relatively concentrated development of , Gold mine recruiting is still organised centrally by The Employment Bureau of Africa (TEBA)

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South Africa's Gold Mines & The Politics of Silic,

to an industrial state at the end of the nineteenth century was accelerated , Francis Wilson Labour in the South African Gold Mines 1911-1969 (Cambridge: Cambridge , and supported the system of oscillating migrant labour upon Which the

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Compound (migrant labour) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

A migrant worker compound is a key institution in a system such as that which regulated labour on mines in South Africa from the later nineteenth century The tightly controlled closed compound which came to typify the phenomenon in that.

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Download PDF - HSRC Press

half of the nineteenth century the discovery of diamonds and gold, coupled with the accompanying industrialisation, lured thousands of migrant labourers from the southern African region to the mining and industrial centres of South Africa

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Historical and contemporary dimensions of migration,

half of the nineteenth century the discovery of diamonds and gold, coupled to the accompanying industrialisation, lured thousands of migrant labourers from the southern African region to the mining and industrial centers of South Africa

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A century of migrant labour in the gold mines of ,

Employment Bureau of Africa (TEBA), which to this day remains the central recruitment organization for all black mine workers from southern Africa3 Recruitment for gold mining A century of migrant labour in the gold mines of South Africa

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1 URBANIZATION IN SOUTH AFRICA AND THE CHANGING ,

Migrant labor has a very long history in South Africa, and a substantial literature has developed around it , For at least the past century it has been a , particularly the gold mines and white agriculture that were pressing in the same direction

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Setting the scene: Migration and urbanisation in ,

Act of 1913) As immigration to South Africa in the 20th century meant white immigration this has , (SAMP): Cape Town and Kingston; , Migrant Labour in South Africa's Mining Economy: The Struggle for the Gold Min Labour Supply

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counting the cost: gold mining and occupational ,

22 Jan 2009 , the role of migrant labour, state regulatory authorities and science in hiding a pandemic which probably spans the 20th century AFTER MORE THAN A CENTURY OF COMMERCIAL SUCCESS, gold mining in South Africa is.

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Labour time in South African gold mines: 1886-2006

25 Apr 1999 , The core question of this thesis is why working time in South African gold mining has been so stable and addresses , the ever-longer migrant labour contracts over a century, are explained in terms of the value labour power.

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History of South Africa - Key Figures in South Africa's ,

Diamond and, in particular, gold mining industries required vast amounts of inexpensive labor in order to be profitable , twentieth-century South Africa--pass laws, urban ghettos, impoverished rural homelands, African migrant labor--were first.

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Chinese Indentured Mine Labour and the Dangers Associated ,

30 Apr 2015 , , the Dangers Associated with Early 20th Century Deep-level Mining on the Witwatersrand Gold Mines, South Africa , This is especially true for the 20th century mining industry where unskilled migrant labourers were often.

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TUBERCULOSIS IN SOUTH AFRICA'S GOLD MINES: - Results

gold mines of South Africa remain the highest in the world and progress towards , circulatory labour migration patter with men travelling from home to the mine , problem, and after over a century of investigation into the TB epidemic in the.

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Diamonds and Migrant Labour in South Africa , - The British ,

The 'pass laws' and migrant labour of apartheid in South Africa today have their origins in the policies designed to control the black , In the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, during the period of Dutch rule, slave labour dominated the wheat and wine farms of , influenced by the increasing labour demands made by the diamond and gold mining industries on the African societies of southern Africa

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5 The mining industry, migrant labour and hostels - The ,

The Commission recognizes that a central feature of the gold mining industry is an oscillating migratory labour system , By 1889, 100 000 black mineworkers were needed on the mines and, at the time, 60% of the labour came from outside South Africa, mainly from Mozambique , have become dependent over the century upon their inhabitants being able to find employment in the mining industry and.

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Migrant Labor - South Africa: Overcoming Apartheid

Photograph: Gold mine tailings outside Johannesburg , Since the mineral revolution of the late 19th century, "migrant labor" in South Africa referred not only to workers coming into South , Migrant labor provided abundant cheap African labor for white-owned mines and farms (and later factories) and, at the same time,.

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CONTRACT MIGRATION TO SOUTH AFRICA

At one end of the spectrum is the highly formalized and regulated contract labour system of the South African min , Census data shows that South Africa's foreign-born population was always significant and increased as the twentieth century progressed , Without migrant workers from throughout the Southern African region, the world's largest supplier of gold would have been, at best, a minor.

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Water SA - Threats and opportunities for post-closure ,

Gold-mining activities in the Wonderfonteinspruit (WFS) area of South Africa date back more than 120 years, initiating rapid urbanisation which , This is exacerbated by a legacy of environmental degradation caused by century-old mining , Continuing to rely on imported (migrant) labour, gold mines later preferred to recruit workers from countries geographically closer to South Africa, such as Lesotho.

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The crisis of tuberculosis and silicosis in the ,

silicosis in the South African mining industry Prof Rodney Ehrlich Centre for Occupational and Environmental Health , EZ A century of migrant labour in the gold mines of South Africa J South Afr Institute Mining Metallurgy 2004; 65-71

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A Long Way Home « Wits University Press

Mining the archives, A Long Way Home tracks this shameful history and goes a long way towards furthering our understanding of , The book spans a three-hundred-year history beginning with the exportation of slave labour from Mozambique in the eighteenth century and ending , Chapter 7 The Illusion of Safety: Migrant Labour and Occupational Disease on South Africa's Gold Mines Jock McCulloch

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Lesotho: From Labor Reserve to Depopulating Periphery ,

2 May 2012 , There is a long tradition of men from Lesotho migrating for work in South African gold min , Fourth, some former migrant workers became legal permanent residents of South Africa in the late 1990s, , Lesotho was one of the largest sources of Black labor in South African mining for well over a century

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217 - World Bank Internet Error Page AutoRedirect

th century, South Africa was the world's top producer of gold, gem diamonds, ferrochromium and platinum, representing , There may be also an indirect relationship between migrant labor in the mines and HIV infection Miners' wives or their.

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Occupational health, occupational illness: tuberc,

10 Aug 2008 , South Africa and gold have long been synonymous and mining plays a key role in the economy , migrant labourers, either from within South Africa or from neighbouring states under a labour recruiting system which , Early in this century when the annual mortality from 'phthisis', including silicosis, among

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South Africa's Teba digs for solution to century-old mining ,

20 May 2014 , With a history that stretches back more than a century, Teba, a company that is at the heart of South Africa's mining industry, , deep-level, labour intensive gold and platinum sectors, with the latter the largest employer in South African mining , Teba is pushing for the reform of the migrant labour system, which is blamed for causing many of the social and economic travails workers face

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The glitter of gold | South African History Online

But, of course, the majority of people were migrant workers moving between town and countryside Adapted from Gold , The plentiful supply of cheap labour available to the gold mines in South Africa made this viable Who invested money in.

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Occupational respiratory diseases in the South African mining ,

24 Jan 2013 , Keywords: gold, platinum, diamond, miners, silica, asbestos, silicosis, migrant labour, autopsy , The first theme addresses trends in silicosis in the South African gold-mining industry over a period of 33 years, and the second explores the potential for occupational respiratory , Harington JS, McGlashan ND, Chelkowska E A century of migrant labour in the gold mines of South Africa

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A Social History of Labour Migrancy in Lesotho and South ,

That is, he intends to show how Basotho miners shaped their own experiences in the South African gold min The first part of the book introduces the reader to the gold mines and the labor shortages that plagued the industry in the late nineteenth century Maloka then shows , Migrants compared the dangers of traveling and working in South Africa to entering the land of cannibals Lastly, he mentions.

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Reflections on the Challenges Confronting Post-Apartheid ,

Here is a structure that was built on blood and sweat of migrant labourers who in South Africa are the , If the change in South Africa is genuine, can gold-mining, Oppenheimer's main economic base, and.

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Diamonds and Migrant Labour in South Africa, 1869-1910 | ,

Racial discrimination in South Africa is based on the migrant labour system , and migrant labour of apartheid in South Africa today have their origins in the policies designed to control the black workers in the diamond mines a century ago

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